Thursday, March 14, 2013

Los Borrachos & La Mulata


              Los Borrachos or The Triumph of Bacchus

  Time: 1628-1629
  Style: Baroque
  Artist: Diego Velázquez
  Material and Technique: Oil on canvas
  Location: Museo del Prado, Madrid

  Iconographic Analysis

Name: Los Borrachos or The Triumph of Bacchus
Type of painting: It is a Baroque painting by Velázquez which was painted for Philip IV and Velázquez was paid 100 ducats.

  Formal Analysis

Composition, space and decoration: There is the very illuminated Bacchus figure, closer to the Italian style by Caravaggio. There are classicist style and the figures are immersed in chiaroscuro. There are also some elements that give naturalism to the painting such as the bottle and the pitcher.
Size: 165 cm x 225 cm
Points of interest:In the picture, the god is represented as a person within the small celebration, but his skin is clearer than the other ones, to be recognized more easily.


In the Baroque, Baco was seen as a liberator of the man's daily life. So, here we have a kind of initiation rite ceremonial wine, where all the drunks laugh. It could be a parody of that initiation Velázquez wanted to do, influenced by Rubens.

La Mulata or The Kitchen Maid with the Supper at Emmaus

  Time: 1620-1622
  Style: Baroque
  Artist: Diego Velázquez
  Material and Technique: Oil on canvas
  Location: Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago

  Iconographic Analysis

Name: La Mulata or The Kitchen Maid with the Supper at Emmaus
Type of painting: It is one of the two Baroque versions of this scene painted by Diego Rodriguez de Silva and Velázquez in his early Seville period.

  Formal Analysis

Composition,space and decoration: We can see a black woman- here the title - after a table, in which they emphasize detailed pots that make an excellent tavern. 
Size: 104.5 cm x 55 cm
Points of interest: In the background is a religious scene which represent the Supper at Emmaus, seen through a window.


Velazquez makes this scene more than a still life depicting a background of sacred history, resource use also in the picture of Christ in the House of Martha.

Tuesday, March 12, 2013

                                   LA VENUS DEL ESPEJO

-Time : between 1599-1660

-Style : Baroque

-Artist : Diego Velázquez

- Material and technique : Oil and canvas

-Location : National Gallery de Londres

Iconographich analysis

Name: The Toilet of Venus o The Rokeby Venus

Type of painting : It's a mythological baroque painting. As is usually in Vélazquez, the woman in the picture is undress.

Formal analysis

Composition,space,decoration : the painting is about  the goddess Venus who is lie on bed and looking in the mirror which is sharped by her song,Cupido. As I've said before, it's a mythological painting and it's a typical work of Vélazquez.

Size of paint : 122 cm × 177 cm

 Point of interest : He doesn't represent the woman in the picture as a goddess;he represent her like a normal woman.


In general, people thing that is emblem the love defeated by beauty.


-Time :  1642

-Style :  Baroque

-Artist : Rembrandt

-Material and technique : oil and canvas

Location : Rijksmuseum , Amsterdan.

Iconographich analysis

Name:  La compañía militar del capitán

Type of painting :  Its a Baroque painting by Rembrandt  and it's one of the most important in its galery and in the Rembrandt's works because of the techniques used in the painting.

Formal analysis

Composition , space and decoration :  The picture show the nervous and impacient  soldiers beacuse they are stowing in a mission. 

Size of the painting: 359cm X 438cm

Points of interest : the painting has been restored during years.

Sunday, March 10, 2013

Portrait: PHILIP IV
Time: 1623-1627
Artist: Diego Velázquez
Style: Barroque art
Material: Oil on canvas
Techniques: Use of obscurity and neutral King's situation
Location: Prado museum

Name: Retrato de Felipe IV; translate in english: Portrait of Philip IV
Type of painting: It was a gift for Charles I of England. This portrait like others of Velázquez belong to the first stage that he did it for getting a scholarship and study in Italy

Composition, space and decoration: This portrait of the young King Philip IV, painted around 1626, is a suberb example of the style of Velázquez in Madrid. It was a test of how the artist returned again and again on his   
                                               canvases, which had always before his eyes on the walls 
                                               of Alcazar
                                               Meaning: Captivated by the portrait that he made a year
                                               ago, Philip IV decided to portray himself again, this time 
                                               in 1626. Both paintings have great similarities to each 
                                               other: (color, position of the king, costumes, stage..)
                                               This painting was to be a gift to Charles I of England. 
                                               Later, the British crown donated it to the U.S goverment

Vault of St.Ignatius Church in Rome ''El Gesú''

Time: 1626
Style: Barroque art
Artist: Andrea Pozzo
Material and techniques: Cutouts were placed on real structures, causing it difficult to indentify the real from the illusory. Pozzo showing how space can be represented on a plane irregular using oblique wings. He stressed the theoretical possibilities of geometric perspective and 
                                                                                           became interested in the 
                                                                                           situation of the focal point.

                                                                                           Location: Rome (Italy)

Name: Vault of St.Ignatius Church
Type of building: It was built in 1626 and dedicated to the founder of the society of 
Jesús, St.Ignatius of Loyola. It has a single nave with side chapels but if for something stands out is the decoration of the fault and the illusion of deph of the false dome.
Composition, space, decoration: Horace Grassi, SJ, chief architect of the Church of San Ignacio de Rome, planned a dome but died before taking it out on the other hand, the money for it was exhausted. Thirty years later, the superiors of the order sought the help of renowned architect and artist, Brother Andrea Pozzo, an expert in the art of perspective. This wanted to paint a dome in the ceiling smooth. It began in October 1684 and was completed for the feast of St. Ignatius, July 31, 1685. The audience that filled the church that day was surprised by the optical illusion that produced the appearance of an actual dome domain thanks to Pozzo had perspective. So the Jesuit Andrea Pozzo again purity illusionistic perspective in their formulations. The false dome of the church of San Ignacio de Rome is paradigmatic of this practice. 
Sizes of the vault: Canvas of 17m wide.
Meaning: In the four corners of the vault are the symbolic figures of the four continents. Europe is represented as a midwife on a horse. Asia is sitting on a camel. The figure of Africa is a woman with African Arab factions, sitting on a crocodile. America is represented as a woman dressed in Indian clothes and in her hand a spear with which hurt one of the giants and behind it a white angel with a flame that symbolizes the expansion of the Jesuits in America




Thursday, March 7, 2013


Time: 1650
Style: Baroque
Artist: Diego Velázquez
Material and technique: oil and canvas
Location: Galleria Doria Pamphilj in Rome

Iconographich analysis

Name: Pope Innocent X
Type of painting: It is a Baroque painting by Velázquez. One of the virtues of he is that was able to penatre into the personage psychologically to show us hidden aspects of his personality.

Formal analysis

Composition, space, decoration: In this picture, there are lots of characteristics of Baroque painting, such as realism, rich and deep color, intense light and dark shadows.
Size of paint: 140cm - 120cm
Points of interest: Velázquez included his signature in the paper that the Pope have in his hand, although the date you can´t read very well.


The figure upright in his chair is very strong, so that mean the higher power the Pope had. Velázquez was a privileged, because it wasn´t easy that a Pope posed for a pintor. Futhermore, Innocent X looks serious, a characteristcs of all of the portrait of this age.

              DOGE´S PALACE

Time: S.IX
Style: Gothic
Artist: Canaletto
Material and technique: The façade was made by a combination of pink and whites marbles, making it more attractive. The palace has a cubic form.
Location: Piazza San Marco, Venice, Italy

Iconographic analysis

Name: Doge´s Palace
Type of building and function: The palace perfomanced three function of vital importance in social and political life of Venice. It was used as a residence for the Doge of Venice, as the seat of city government and as Law Courts. Nowadays the palace has the function as a museum.

Formal analysis

Composition, space, decoration: The palace had a design similar to a castle, with towers and strong walls. Owing to some fires, the building was rebuilt. Nowadays, the public entrance to the Doge´s Palace is a via the Porta del Frumento, in the waterfront side of the building. The inside of the palace is supported by stone arches with an arcade with columns. The main entrance is called Porta della Carta and is the flamboyant style and present in the tympanum a lion of St. Mark kneels before which the Doge Foscari. The arcade of the ground floor rests on thirty six columns and the palace has a big courtyard. And inside the palace, there are lots of painting of famous painters like Tintoretto,Tiziano, etc.


It´s a symbol of the glory and power of Venice. And as I said before, this Palace had 3 vitals function and currently it´s just a museum.